Technology is the application of science and engineering to develop tools and machines for the benefit of mankind. It has a wide range of applications and permeates every aspect of human activity.
Technological changes have profoundly shaped the course of history and the nature of human society. Agriculture and food production technologies enabled the rapid growth of populations; the development of sanitation, preventive medicine, and guns and bows shaped how wars are waged; computers have fundamentally changed how people write, compute, bank, communicate with each other, operate businesses, conduct research, and educate themselves.
Democratisation of knowledge
One of the most significant advantages of modern technology is the widespread availability and accessibility of information. Access to online resources enables everyone to gain new skills and qualifications without leaving home or work. It has also made it possible for students to learn in a way that suits their individual learning styles.
Rapid and far-reaching communication is another of the major benefits of technology. Instead of sending letters with a quill and hoping they arrive, today we tweet, text, tumble, phone, email, fax, and even “poke” each other.
Keeping up with business technology is essential to the success of many organisations. However, the use of new technology has also brought its own challenges. Despite the obvious benefits, there is a growing concern that people are becoming addicted to their gadgets and can no longer focus on real-world relationships. This problem has been highlighted in recent studies.